• Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra, Hon. DG ICAR and Secretary, DARE is handing over hatchery produced seabass seeds to farming women during his visit to CIBA
    Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra, Hon. DG ICAR and Secretary, DARE is handing over hatchery produced seabass seeds to farming women during his visit to CIBA
  • Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Hon’ble Union Minister for Science and Technology, Environment, Forests, Climate Change and Ministry of Earth Sciences visited CIBA Stall at 3rd India International Science Festival – 2017
    Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Hon’ble Union Minister for Science and Technology, Environment, Forests, Climate Change and Ministry of Earth Sciences visited CIBA Stall at 3rd India International Science Festival – 2017
  • ICAR-CIBA and TNFU join hands for sustainable development of aquaculture
    ICAR-CIBA and TNFU join hands for sustainable development of aquaculture
  • Brackishwater cage farming of seabass fish harvest at Vennangupattu village
    Brackishwater cage farming of seabass fish harvest at Vennangupattu village
  • ICAR-CIBA receiving prize for its Hindi magazine
    ICAR-CIBA receiving prize for its Hindi magazine "Jal Tarang" at 89th Foundation day celebrations of ICAR on 16th July 2017
  • CIBA’s Desi Shrimp Feed Technology Transfer with Sri Sathvika Aqua Agro Industries Private Limited, Ongole, for the shrimp feed mill and Vannami Plus technology, an ARYA initiatives from CIBA
    CIBA’s Desi Shrimp Feed Technology Transfer with Sri Sathvika Aqua Agro Industries Private Limited, Ongole, for the shrimp feed mill and Vannami Plus technology, an ARYA initiatives from CIBA
  • An entrepreneur cheerfully holding a bag of hatchery produced milkfish seeds during the event of seed release
    An entrepreneur cheerfully holding a bag of hatchery produced milkfish seeds during the event of seed release
  • Dr. E.G. Silas, Founder Director CIBA & Former V.C, KAU unveiling the logo SCAFi on August 26, 2017 at Headquarters, Chennai
    Dr. E.G. Silas, Founder Director CIBA & Former V.C, KAU unveiling the logo SCAFi on August 26, 2017 at Headquarters, Chennai
  • Shri. Radha Mohan Singh, Hon. Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare releases the products developed by ICAR-CIBA during 89th ICAR foundation day celebrations in New Delhi
    Shri. Radha Mohan Singh, Hon. Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare releases the products developed by ICAR-CIBA during 89th ICAR foundation day celebrations in New Delhi
  • Farm reared mud crab, Scylla serrta: a potential candidate for lucrative brackishwater farming
    Farm reared mud crab, Scylla serrta: a potential candidate for lucrative brackishwater farming
  • Pond reared Mystus cat fish, Mystud gulio using captive bred seed in KRC, CIBA, West Bengal
    Pond reared Mystus cat fish, Mystud gulio using captive bred seed in KRC, CIBA, West Bengal
  • Non invasive sampling of gonads of milkfish broodstock at CIBA, Muttukadu – a skilled expertise in captive breeding of milkfish
    Non invasive sampling of gonads of milkfish broodstock at CIBA, Muttukadu – a skilled expertise in captive breeding of milkfish
  • Scanning electron micrograph of microsporidian parasite Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) of shrimp, continue to be disease of concern for shrimp farming in India
    Scanning electron micrograph of microsporidian parasite Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) of shrimp, continue to be disease of concern for shrimp farming in India
  • Pond reared Milkfish, Chanos chanos during sampling in Andhra Pradesh
    Pond reared Milkfish, Chanos chanos during sampling in Andhra Pradesh
  • Farmed vannamei shrimp with black gill disease is further screened for other OIE listed pathogens at National Referral Laboratory for Brackishwater Aquatic Animal Diseases, ICAR-CIBA .
    Farmed vannamei shrimp with black gill disease is further screened for other OIE listed pathogens at National Referral Laboratory for Brackishwater Aquatic Animal Diseases, ICAR-CIBA .
  • Pond reared mud crab ready for marketing in the hands of tribal women at Sorlagondi village, Nagayalanka, Andhra Pradesh
    Pond reared mud crab ready for marketing in the hands of tribal women at Sorlagondi village, Nagayalanka, Andhra Pradesh
  • Seabass nursery rearing demonstration at Onjal village, Navsari, Gujrat
    Seabass nursery rearing demonstration at Onjal village, Navsari, Gujrat
  • Vannamei shrimp
    Vannamei shrimp
  • Nurserry rearing of seabass fry in hapas with active participation of women farmers at Pazhaverkadu, Tamil Nadu
    Nurserry rearing of seabass fry in hapas with active participation of women farmers at Pazhaverkadu, Tamil Nadu
  • Pile of farm-reared seabass harvested from pond in Nellore, Andhra Pradesh using hatchery produced seeds
    Pile of farm-reared seabass harvested from pond in Nellore, Andhra Pradesh using hatchery produced seeds

Molecular approach in disease diagnostics and species identification

  • Comparison of PCR and dot blot diagnostic techniques for detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) was made on different tissues of infected P.monodon including eye stalk, eye stalk with eye, gills, cuticle, pleopod, periopods, uropods and telson. The limitation of PCR due to inhibiting factors present in tissues could be overcome with the use of dot blot which gave positive reaction from the DNA extracted from eye stalk including the eye but yielded no amplification by PCR.
  • Structural protein genes of WSSV have been amplified and cloning of the amplified genes is in progress for expression of recombinant proteins for immunodiagnostics.
  • As an approach towards species identification of penaeids, molecular characterization of mitochondrial genes has been carried out from F.indicus, F.penicillatus and F. merguiensis.
  • Expression of RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) recombinant protein of Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV) was achieved for use in immunodiagnostics for virus detection.

Area development and impact assessment

  • Based on LISS III satellite data, the potential area identified for development of brackishwater aquaculture in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh was estimated to 12,854 ha.  The major land use classes identified were agriculture, aquaculture, mangroves, fallow land, salt pans, settlements and water bodies.
  • Delineation of aquaculture farms using image processing techniques yielded best results with high resolution data. In case of low resolution data, image processing coupled with manual supervision and digitization were found suitable for the delineation of aquaculture farms.
  • Analysis of land use map of Muthupet mangroves and surroundings prepared from satellite data of IRS IC LISS III for the years 1988 and 2005 revealed that in the 75,215 ha of study area, aquaculture development had not been due to conversion of mangrove land.
  • Using IRS LISS III data, the existing land use pattern in and around Punnakayal mangroves of Tamil Nadu was mapped to assess the present status of mangroves and the accuracy assessment was carried out using GPS.  The traditional farms of north 24 Parganas district, West Bengal have also been mapped.
  • Mapping of land use pattern during pre aquaculture and present scenario was carried out in the Corringa mangrove region to assess the impact of aquaculture.
  • The impact of shrimp farming in nine micro watersheds with total extent of 244 sq.km. was initiated and the boundary of the study area has been imported to visual MODFLOW software for calibration with the data from PWD. The study is ongoing.

Maturation and seed production

  • Successful domestication of kuruma shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus was achieved under captivity by closing the life cycle within the hatchery and produced up to F6 generation.
  • Obtained viable spawning from natural matured tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon and banana shrimp Fenneropenaeus merguiensis in ponds.  Natural maturation of banana shrimp was also achieved under controlled conditions in the hatchery.
  • Studied the male reproductive biology of P. monodon and F. indicus with a view to maintain reproductive viability under captive condition in the hatchery. The study revealed that sperm quality remained uniform during inter molt and pre molt period and it could be maintained by periodical removal of spermatophore. Continuous captive rearing result in deterioration of sperm quality.
  • Polychaetes are an essential component of the maturation feed for shrimps.  Experimental culture of the tropical marine polychaete Perineries nuntia yielded 300g biomass in four months. Culture of estuarine polychaete Marphysa gravelyi was initiated and in five months of culture in FRP tank the larvae attained the size of 4-12 cm/0.14-1.1 g.
  • Successfully reared larvae of Scylla tranquebarica and S. serrata from first zoea to first crab stage under captive condition and based on the training provided, a private entrepreneur has set up a private mudcrab hatchery.

Agricultural knowledge management unit (AKMU)

  • Monoculture of kuruma shrimp M. japonicus was conducted  in a farmer’s pond at Sirkazhi, Nagapattinam Dist., Tamil Nadu and a production of 1018 kg/ha in 113 days was acheived.  The shrimps attained an average size of 12.5g with a survival rate of 83%.
  • Immunostimulant developed from heat killed bacterial consortia was extensively tested in farmers’ ponds with the clear indication of improved growth and survival.
  • Survey on the use of chemicals and drugs in shrimp farming in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh was conducted which indicated that the shrimp farmers spend about 7-10% of the total cost of production on chemicals. They are being used without clear understanding of their efficiency and mode of action. Antibiotics are not used in the survey area.
  • By adopting improved traditional culture techniques, P.monodon production in the range of 2.0 to 2.4 t/ha/crop was achieved from tide-fed ponds at Kakdwip.
  • Standardised biosecured zero water exchange farming technology of tiger shrimp P. monodon with consistent production of 3.0 t / ha with more than 80% survival was achieved. Compared to control, the gain in terms of production, survival and FCR were 7.95%, 6.96% and 10.24%, respectively.
  • Under public-private-partnership, culture of banana shrimp F. merguiensis was undertaken in Gujarat and in 160 days, the shrimps attained average size of  27g and registered 80% survival with 903 kg/ha production.
  • Culture of F. merguiensis during low saline post monsoon period at Kakdwip yielded production of 380-525 kg/ha in five months with average final size of 22g.


Director's Message...
Present day Indian shrimp farming almost entirely depends on aquaculture of exotic white shrimp, Penaeus vannamei .
Sole dependence on a single species cast doubt about the sustainability of Indian shrimp farming.
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